Brood XI

Records of Brood XI in Rhode Island seem doubtful, because of sandy and wet soils (Manter 1974). ¬†Brood XI was last recorded near the Ashford/Willington town line in eastern Connecticut. The last recorded emergence was on a dairy farm in 1954; no sightings were recorded in 1971, 1988, or 2005 despite deliberate searches. ¬†Species distribution models suggest that the extinction of this brood is not explained by deforestation and development, since New England currently has more forest cover than at any time in the recent past; rather, this brood’s extinction seems related to the fact that it is at the edge of the general periodical cicada distribution and at the edge of these species’ climatic tolerances (Cooley et al. 2013).

Brood XI
Brown symbols are verified records in the Database in February 2017. Gold are from Simon (1988). Blue symbols are from Marlatt (1923). Smaller symbols are records with a lower degree of certainty, and question marks or open symbols (on top of other symbols or alone) represent records that are considered spurious. Symbols are in layered in the order Database, Simon, Marlatt, and symbols in the upper layers may obscure symbols in lower layers.

Literature

Cooley, J. R., M. L. Neckermann, G. J. Bunker, D. C. Marshall, and C. Simon. 2013. At the limits: Habitat suitability modeling of Northern 17-year periodical cicada extinctions (Hemiptera: Magicicada spp.). Global Ecology and Biogeography 22:410-421.

Manter, J. A. 1937. The Periodical Cicada: Occurrence of Brood XI in Connecticut in 1937. Page 153 14th Annual Conference of Connecticut Entomologists. Connecticut State Entomologist’s Report, Bulletin 408, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT.

Manter, J. A. 1955. Magicicada septendecim Linn., Brood XI in Connecticut. Psyche 62:157-158.

Manter, J. A. 1974. Brood XI of the periodical cicada seems doomed. Pages 99-100 in R. L. Beard, editor. 25th Anniversary Memoirs of the Connecticut Entomological Society. Connecticut Entomological Society, New Haven.